Mathews Journal of Nutrition & Dietetics

2474-7475

Current Issue Volume 4, Issue 1 - 2020

Relationship between Obesity, Dietary Behaviour and Dietary Intake in Obese Omani Females (age 30 – 49 Years): A Cross-Sectional Study

Monika Seth*, Monika Jain

Banasthali Vidyapith, Rajasthan, India

Corresponding Author: Monika Seth, Post Box 3168, PC 112, Oman, E-mail: seth_monika@rediffmail.com; Tel: +91-968-955-273-57.
Received Date: June 22, 2020
Published Date: August 26, 2020
Copyright: Seth M, et al. ©2020
Citation: Seth M. (2020). Relationship between Obesity, Dietary Behaviour and Dietary Intake in Obese Omani Females (age 30 – 49 Years): A Cross-Sectional Study. Mathews J Nutr Diet. (4)1: 01.

ABSTRACT
The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity worldwide is alarming with 39% of adults (1.9 billion) in the overweight category and 13% (650 million) of adults in the obese category as per WHO 2016 data. During last forty years most of the Gulf countries including Oman underwent a remarkable change in the socioeconomic status and many studies reveal significant increase in adopting inactive lifestyle and inclination towards western food choices.
Objective: The main purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between dietary behavior, nutritional status and obesity in obese Omani women between 30-49 years who were not pregnant and free from any eating disorder. Sample size was close to 400 and selected randomly.
Results: Personal interviews were conducted using a study questionnaire to collect the dietary behavior, nutritional data (24-hour dietary recall method) and  anthropometric measurements. The study participants had a high calorie intake that is associated with obesity as indicated by high BMI and WHR.
Conclusion: The study subjects had a trend for obesity that is mainly attributed to unhealthy eating habits and lack of knowledge about a healthy diet. There is a need to adopt physical education intervention programs to improve the lifestyle characteristics of Omani women and to increase their awareness about health risks associated with obesity.
Keywords: BMI; Calorie intake; Diet; Obese; WHR; Women


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