Mrigakshi Borah1, Ria Biswas1, Aritra Saha2,*, Ajit Kumar Pegu3
1Junior Doctor, Department of Medicine, Assam Medical College and Hospital Dibrugarh, Assam, India
2Post Graduate Trainee, Department of General Medicine, Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India
3Professor & Head, Department of General Medicine, Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India
*Corresponding author: Dr Aritra Saha, Department of Medicine, Assam Medical College Dibrugarh, 786002, Assam, India; Tel: +91 9401650438; Email: [email protected]
Received Date: March 9, 2023
Publication Date: March 18, 2023
Citation: Borah M, et al. (2023). Gastritis in Young Adults, the Evil in Disguise: A Review of Literature. Mathews J Case Rep. 8(3):98.
Copyright: Borah M, et al. © (2023)
Inflammation of the gastric mucosa is known as gastritis. Gastritis can be primarily classified as acute and chronic. According to various seroprevalence studies, there is an increasing trend of gastritis among young adults. The review chiefly focuses on the various risk factors associated with it, its diagnosis, and the different treatment protocols available. Factors responsible for this are H. pylori, stress and anxiety, food habits, self-medication, and lack of awareness among young adults eventually leading to local ischaemia of the gastric mucosa, elevation of gastric pH, hypergastrinemia and hyperplasia of antral gastrin producing G-cells which bring about mucosal injury causing gastritis. Diagnosis predominantly comprises upper GI endoscopy, radiological modalities like USG and X-ray abdomen, tissue culture, histology, etc. The treatment essentially focuses on decreasing the gastric pH by means of medications such as PPI, H2 blockers, sucralfate, and anti-H. pylori regimen(s). Further comprehensive management may require pathological and radiological assistance.
Keywords: Gastritis, Young Adults, Students, Disease Awareness