Mathews Journal of Case Reports


Previous Issues Volume 5, Issue 1 - 2020

Endobronchial Leiomyoma – When CT Demonstrates the Tumor: A Radio-Pathological Correlation

Diana Penha1,2*, Khoren Abelian1, Gregory Cross3, Erique Pinto2, Edson Marchiori4

1Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool, UK

2Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilha, Portugal

3Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK

4Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

*Corresponding author: Diana Penha, Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, Liverpool, UK, E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: June 29, 2020
Publication Date: December 03, 2020
Copyright: Penha D, et al. ©2020
Citation: Penha D, et al. (2020). Endobronchial Leiomyoma – When CT Demonstrates the Tumor: A Radio-Pathological Correlation. Mathews J Case
Rep. (5)1:64.


Endobronchial leiomyomas are rare benign tumors, accounting for less than 2% of all benign lung tumors. Known to arise from the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree, leiomyomas occur in parenchymal, endotracheal, or endobronchial locations. Endobronchial lesions constitute about 33% of all pulmonary leiomyomas. Literature on primary endobronchial leiomyomas is extremely limited. Symptomatology depends on the degree of endoluminal bronchial obstruction.

We report a case of 71-year-old woman admitted to our hospital complaining of persistent non-productive cough. Computed tomography (CT) imaging revealed a rounded tumor arising in the right upper lobe bronchus which subsequently underwent bronchoscopy and tissue sampling for definitive treatment. We also describe the cytological characteristics of endobronchial pulmonary leiomyoma.

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