Mathews Journal of Case Reports


Previous Issues Volume 9, Issue 4 - 2024

Carbohydrate Nutrition and Glucose Homeostasis – Type 2 Diabetes

Vincent O Obinna1,*, Justina K Anozie1

1Department of Food Technology, Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana Ebonyi State Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Vincent O Obinna, Department of Food Technology, Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana Ebonyi State Nigeria; Tel: +234 (0)703 448 6378; Email: [email protected]

Received Date: January 6, 2024

Publication Date:  March 20, 2024

Citation: Obinna VO, et al. (2024). Carbohydrate Nutrition and Glucose Homeostasis – Type 2 Diabetes. Mathews J Case Rep. 9(4):161.

Copyright: Obinna VO, et al. © (2024)


Diabetes is a major metabolic, non-communicable disease, threatening human health all over the world. The disease was formally regarded as ‘disease for the affluent’ but its prevalence in low and medium income economies has changed this perception. Types 1 and 2 have been identified as the major types of diabetes with prediabetes and gestational diabetes as pointers to T2DM. In all the types identified, insulin secretion and glucose absorption are central to them all. This research reviewed carbohydrate nutrition and glucose homeostatsis and depended majorly on PubMed and IDF publications. It was discovered that in 2013, China had 98.4 million cases while Japan had 7.2 million to become the highest and lowest, respectively, among the first ten countries with the highest prevalence of diabetes, globally. It is however projected that in 2035, Africa will comparatively top the world list with an unprecedented increase by 109.1%. An improved lifestyle and careful selection of food consumption have however, been identified as major panacea to forestalling the imminent complications of diabetes and the prevalence of this disease condition. A successful control of the spread of T2DM would have saved the world lots of deaths and funds.

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