Redha Lakehal1,*, Soumaya Bendjaballah1, Khaled Khacha2, Omar Bouhidel3, Abdelmalek Bouzid3
1Department of Heart Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, EHS Dr Djaghri Mokhtar, Constantine, Algeria
2Faculty of Medicine, Algiers, Algeria
3Faculty of Medicine, Batna, Algeria
*Corresponding author: Redha Lakehal, Department of Heart Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, EHS Dr Djaghri Mokhtar, Constantine, Algeria; Tel: +213779074720; Email: [email protected]
Received Date: January 28, 2023
Publication Date: March 17, 2023
Citation: Lakehal R, et al. (2023). Late Endocarditis on Aortic Prosthesis Complicated by an Infectious Aneurysm of the Right Sinus Ruptured in the Right Atrium: A Case Report. Mathews J Cardiol. 7(1):25.
Copyright: Lakehal R, et al. © (2023)
Introduction: Endocarditis on aortic prosthesis that we all fear as patients with heart valve prosthesis, is a rare disease less than 1% of cases. However, its evolution is very unfavorable when it occurs. The appearance of a fever, often insidious, is a sure sign of the disease. Diagnosis is based on blood cultures and echocardiography. This clinical case is an opportunity for us to recall the seriousness of this condition both for patients and for cardiac surgeons. Methods: We report the case of an adult aged 51 with two mechanical mitro-aortic prostheses implanted in 2001 presenting endocarditis on aortic prosthesis complicated by aortic leak, atrioventricular block (AVB) and stroke leaving as a sequela a hemiplegia with infectious aneurysm of the right sinus ruptured in the right atrium (RA) in cardiac decompensation with persistent fever and orthopnea despite well-conducted triple anti-staphylococcal antibiotic therapy with clinical examination: aortic systolic murmur with crackling rales. Chest X-ray: cardiomegaly, flaky opacities, transthoracic echocardiography: large aneurysm on the right coronary side fistulized in the right atrium (RA), desinsertion of the aortic prosthesis with grade IV para-prosthetic aortic leak, left ventricular (LV): 52/32 mm, an undilated right ventricular (RV), an ejection fraction (EF) at 64 %, and finally a systolic arterial pulmonary pressure (SAPP) at 68 mmHg. Positive blood cultures: staphylococcus. Intraoperative exploration: voluminous vegetation next to the exit orifice of the aorta-right atrium fistula, desinsertion of the aortic prosthesis on the peri-annular abscess and vegetation on the aortic wings, destruction of the mitro-aortic junction with the presence of a fistula aorta-right atrium. He benefited from explantation of the aortic prosthesis, vegetation sent to bacteriology, reconstitution of the aortic annulus on the right coronary-left coronary (RC-LC) side by a Dacron® patch, closure of the entry orifice of the fistula on the aortic side by separate points and reconstruction of the mitro-aortic junction with a triangular Dacron® patch, implantation of an aortic prosthesis in the annular position and finally closure of the orifice of the fistula on the auricular side with a Dacron® patch under cardiopulmonary bypass. Results: The postoperative follow-up was simple. Conclusion: We underline the major interest of the prevention and the essential treatment of any infectious heart, in particular dental, at the carriers of cardiac prostheses.
Keywords: Endocarditis, Aortic Prosthesis, Prosthetic heart, Aneurysm