Mary Kelley, Megan Berry, Viviane Ugalde*
2200 NE Neff d, Bend, OR 97701, USA
Received Date: Feb 24, 2020
Published Date: Jun 03, 2020
Corresponding Author: Viviane Ugalde* 2200 NE Neff Rd, Bend, OR 97701, USA
Copyright: Ugalde V, et al. ©2020
Citation: Ugalde V. (2020). Literature Review: Post Traumatic Headache Interventions in the Pediatric Population. Mathews J Pediatr. (5) 1: 01
Objective: To report on the current level of knowledge and understanding of post traumatic headache (PTH) in the pediatric population, as well as current best practice for treatment and early interventions.
Methods: A review of literature pertaining to the topic was conducted using PUBMED.
Results: We identify support for the use of ibuprofen and acetaminophen in combination, occipital nerve block, and craniosacral therapies. Many of the other available therapies are limited by lack of supporting evidence or relevant studies in pediatric populations.
Conclusion: PTH is a common problem affecting millions of patients each year. The pathophysiology is still incompletely understood, although risk factors have been identified. Currently, research focused on pediatric patients with PTH is extremely limited, and no treatment guidelines exist. Much of the current treatment in a clinical setting is based on studies of primary headache disorders or adult patients with PTH. Therefore, additional research in pediatric populations is needed to determine a gold standard of care in this common childhood condition.
Keywords: Post traumatic headache; Post concussive syndrome; Traumatic brain injury; Migraine; Cervicogenic headache
Abbreviations: Post Traumatic Headache (PTH); Post Concussive Syndrome (PCS); Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI); Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI); Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs); Anti-Epileptics (AEDs); Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT); Craniosacral Therapy (CST); Visceral Manipulation (VM); Neural Manipulation (NM)