Anna Isayeva, Olena Buriakovska*
Department of Complex risk Reduction of Chronic non-communicable diseases, L.T. Malaya Therapy National Institute of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
*Corresponding Author: Olena Buriakovska, Department of Complex risk Reduction of Chronic non-communicable diseases, L.T. Malaya Therapy National Institute of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine, E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: November 25, 2020
Published Date: March 10, 2021
Copyrights: Isayeva A, et al. @ 2021.
Citation: Isayeva A, and Buriakovska O. Sleep Disorders in Patients with Hypertension and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Mathews J Neurol. 5(1): 18.
Background: Sleep disorders are one of the most frequent non-cardiac complains in hypertensive patients. At the same time insomnia, short sleep duration and obstructive sleep apnea are well-documented risk factors of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. However, information concerning the frequency of different types of sleep disorders in patients with hypertension is limited.
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of different types of sleep disorders and the level of daytime sleepiness in patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 120 patients was conducted. There are 82 patients with combined hypertension and diabetes mellitus type 2; 38 patients with hypertension and 23 healthy participants aged over 45 years. Insomnia was diagnosed according to criteria of International Classification of Sleep Disorders, 3rd Edition. Epworth scale was used to assess the severity day sleepiness. Obstructive sleep apnea was diagnosed with SOMNO check micro.
Results: Insomnia predominated in the group of patients with hypertension, while circadian rhythm sleep disorders as well as obstructive sleep apnea were more frequent in the group of combined hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus had significantly greater daytime sleepiness on the Epworth scale compared to patients with isolated hypertension and the control group.
Conclusion: The most common sleep disorders in patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus are insomnia and circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders. Sleep disorders are more frequent in patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus than in control group. Insomnia prevalated in patients with hypertension, however circadian sleep disorders prevalated in patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus.