Mathews Journal of Cytology and Histology

2577-4158

Current Issue Volume 5, Issue 1 - 2021

Results of A Thousand Pap Smears Analyzed at the Histology - Embryology and Cell Pathology Laboratory

MOUMOUNI Hassane1, HAMA AGHALI Nouhou*2, HAMANI Issaka1, OUSMANE Abdoulaye2, EFARED Boubacar3, HAMADOU Ibrahim1, ISSA OUMAROU Boubacar Sidikou1, MAMOUDOU Garba4, KIMSO Oumou5, YADJI DOGO Leila1, MOUNKEILA SEYBOU Ibrahim6, BOUREIMA Hassane2, NOUHOU Hassane3

1Laboratory of Histology Embryology and Cellular Pathology / Abdou Moumouni University, Faculty of Health  Sciences, Niamey, Niger

2Laboratory of Referral Hospital / Dan Dicko Dankoulodo University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Maradi, Niger

3Laboratory of Cytology and Histopathology / Faculty of Health  Sciences of Abdou Moumouni University, Niamey, Niger

4Gynecology and Obstetrics Department / Regional Hospital Center of Poudrière, Niamey, Niger

5Oncology Department / Referral Hospital, Maradi, Niger

6Surgery Department / Regional Hospital, Maradi, Niger

*Corresponding author: Dr HAMA AGHALI Nouhou, Laboratory of Referral Hospital / Dan Dicko Dankoulodo University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Maradi, Niger. Email: [email protected] . WhatsApp: +227 9 5 9 4 9 067 Tel: +227 9 0282142.

Received Date: September 17, 2021
Published Date: October 26, 2021

Copyright: Nouhou HA, et al. © (2021). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Citation: Hassane M, et al. (2021). Results of A Thousand Pap Smears Analyzed at the Histology - Embryology and Cell Pathology Laboratory. Mathews J Cytol Histol. 5(1):17

ABSTRACT

Introduction: A Cervical Pap Smear (CPS) is a test that allows early detection of cell lesions. Cervical cancer, the second leading cause of death in women in Africa, manifests itself in numerous precancerous lesions that can be identified by cytology. 
Methodology: This was a prospective and retrospective study performed over period of 23 years. We examined 1,000 consecutive CPS samples. 
Results: Over 7658 lab exams done at the laboratory, the frequency CPS was 13, 05%. In 43.60% of cases, the reason for carrying out the examination was systematic screening. The mean age of the patients was 40.93 years. Patients with an age between 37 and 46 years were predominant (34.3%). This same age group showed more cellular abnormalities with Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance (ASCUS) in first position, followed by the low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Infection was found in the 37 and 46 age group and inflammation was present in 29.69% of cases. The correlation study of age and infection showed a significant link between these two variables (p-value = 0.00000383). Bacterial cervicitis was the cause of infection in 7.8%, followed by HPV infection 7.2%. Suspicious epithelial abnormalities were present in 20.87 %. High-grade intraepithelial lesions were represented in 1.75% of cases. The CPS with hemorrhagic characteristics represented 35.80 %. At the end of all this we can say that the need to implement policies of systematic surveillance of genital diseases through routine screening at its initial stage is imperative.

KEYWORDS: Cytology, 1,000 cervical pap smears, Niger.


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