Mathews Journal of Veterinary Science

2572-6579

Current Issue Volume 4, Issue 1 - 2020

Prenatal Osteogenesis of the Long Bones of the Hindlimb in Sokoto Red Goat: Gross Osteomorphometry, Radiography and Histology

Danmaigoro A1*, Faruk AK1, Atabo SM1, Bello A1, Mahmud MA1,2, Abubakar K3, Mailafiya MM3

1Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto P.M. B 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria
2Department of Animal Health and Production Technology, Niger State College of Agriculture, P.M.B 109, Mokwa, Niger State, Nigeria
3Department of Human Anatomy, College of Medical Sciences, Federal University Lafia,950101, Akunza, Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

*Corresponding author: Abubakar K, Department of Human Anatomy, College of Medical Sciences, Federal University Lafia,950101, Akunza, Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria, Tel: +234-803-791-4241; E-mail: abubakar.danmaigoro@udusok.edu.ng

Received Date: November 25, 2020
Published Date: December 27, 2020
Copyright: Danmaigoro A, et al. © 2020
Citation: Danmaigoro A, et al. (2020). Prenatal Osteogenesis of the Long Bones of the Hindlimb in Sokoto Red Goat: Gross Osteomorphometry, Radiography and Histology. Mathews J Vet Sci. (4)1:10.

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the gross osteomorphometric, radiographic and histological developmental changes of long bones of the hind limb in prenatal Sokoto Red goat. Thirty accidental wasted fetuses from Sokoto metropolitan abattoir were collected and used for the study. They were grouped into three stages; first trimester: (1-51 days), second trimester (52-102 days) and third trimester (103-153 days). After fetal dissection, gross osteomorphometric measurements comprising bone length, mid diaphysial circumference, breadth of proximal and distal ends, were done on the long bones of the hind limb using a metre rule from each trimester. They were then exposed to radiographic beam using Power mobile X-ray machine (YSX100VET, China). Thereafter the bones were used for routine histology using Hematoxylin-Eosin stain (H&E). The results revealed that the gross osteometric parameters measured increased significantly (P<0.0001) with age. The ossification and mineralization began at the second trimester and continued throughout the stages as determined using X-rays and confirmed by histological investigations. It was concluded that, there was direct proportionality between development of long bones of the hind limb in Sokoto Red goat and their gestational ages. Also, ossification and mineralization started at second trimesters in long bones of the hind limb in the prenatal Red Sokoto goat.


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