Sami A Abbas*
National Institute of Urology & Nephrology, Cairo, Egypt
*Corresponding author: Sami A Abbas, M.D, National Institute of Urology & Nephrology, Cairo, Egypt; E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 06, 2023
Published Date: March 15, 2023
Citation: Abbas SA. (2023). Merits of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy for Large and/or Complex Renal Stones “Retrospective Study”. Mathews J Urol Nephrol. 5(1):13.
Copyrights: Abbas SA. © (2023).
Background: Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PNL) is a well-established technique for the removal of renal stones. Large and complex renal stones are difficult stones to deal with. Aim of Study: This study is to evaluate our results of PNL for the treatment of large and complex renal stones concerningstone-free rates (SFR) and complications. Patients and Methods: From From 2012 to 2022, four hundred and four renal units with large and/or complex renal stones were subjected to PNL. Eighty-nine per cent were males and 11% were females. The average stone surface area (SA) was 872mm2. Results: Stone-free rate (SFR) was 79% for cases submitted to PNL alone and 88.4% for those managed with auxiliary procedures. Hospital stay ranged from 2 to 21 days (Av. 3.6 days). The overall complication rate was 8% and was managed conservatively. Conclusion: PCNL is a safe and effective procedure for the management of large and complex renal stones. There was a significant decrease in the overall stone-free rate and increased complication rates with increased stone surface area. Stones >1500mm2 are difficult stones for any modality. A multimodal approach should be thought of for large and complex renal stones.
Keywords: Kidney, Kidney Calculi, Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy, Intracorporeal, Lithotripsy, Large, Complex, Minimally Invasive.