Wogene Daro Kabale1,*, Gemechu Gelan Bekele1, Ephrem Yohannes Roga1, Dajane Negesse Gonfa1, Amare Tesfaye Yami1, Gemechu Tola Wayiso2
1Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
2Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author: Wogene Daro Kabale, Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia, Tel: +251934419709; E-mail: [email protected].
Received Date: June 04, 2023
Published Date: June 23, 2023
Citation: Kabale WD, et al. (2023). Alcohol Use and Associated Factors among Pregnant Mothers in West Arsi, Southern Ethiopia, 2021. Mathews J Gynecol Obstet. 7(2):27.
Copyrights: Kabale WD, et al. © (2023).
Background: Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is a major public health issue in both developed and developing countries. Prenatal exposure has been linked to an increase in miscarriages, stillbirths, brain damage, birth defects, growth restriction, social, and behavioral deficits, data on the extent of use of alcohol by women during pregnancy in the study setting is unknown. Therefore, the aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of alcohol use and associated factors among pregnant women in study area. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women in the Arsi Nagele district from September 23 to October 23, 2021. A cluster sampling technique was used to select 759 pregnant women. A pre-tested interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Bivariable and Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify the independent predictors of alcohol use during pregnancy. Statistical significance was declared by using odds, a p-value of <0.05 and at 95% confidence intervals. Results: The prevalence of alcohol consumption during pregnancy was found to be 36.3% (95% CI: 34.7%, 37.97%). The study revealed that pregnant women who live urban [AOR = 1.48; 95% CI 1.34-3.85], alcohol use prior to pregnancy [AOR = 4.06: 95% CI 2.77-5.99], partner uses alcohol [AOR = 2.97: 95% CI 2.03-4.33], have low level of knowledge about harmful effects of alcohol consumption during pregnancy [AOR = 3.95: 95% CI 2.63-5.95] and poor preventive attitude toward alcohol consumption during pregnancy [AOR = 3.02; 95%CI: 2.71-5.96] were significantly associated with alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Conclusion: Alcohol use during pregnancy is prevalent in the study area. Findings underscore the need for targeted alcohol use screening and intervention for pregnant women. Residence, pre-pregnancy alcohol use, partner alcohol use, knowledge and attitude about harmful effects of alcohol use during pregnancy factors significantly associated with alcohol use.
Keywords: Alcohol Use, Pregnancy, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Nagele Arsi.