Mathews Journal of Emergency Medicine

2474-3607

Previous Issues Volume 2, Issue 2 - 2017

Review Article PDF  

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss and Tinnitus in Military Personnel

Sergio Gonzalez-Gonzalez

CILcare 2214, Boulevard de la Lironde. Parc Scientifique Agropolis. 34397 Montpellier, France.

Corresponding Author: Sergio Gonzalez-Gonzalez, CILcare 2214, Boulevard de la Lironde. Parc Scientifique Agropolis. 34397 Montpellier, France, E-Mail: sergio.gonzalez@cilcare.com

Received Date: 18 Dec 2017  
Accepted Date: 28 Dec 2017  
Published Date: 29 Dec 2017

Copyright © 2017 Gonzalez-Gonzalez S

Citation: Gonzalez-Gonzalez S. (2017). Noise-Induced Hearing Loss and Tinnitus in Military Personnel. Mathews J Emergency Med. 2(2): 027.

 

ABSTRACT

Hearing loss is the most common form of sensory impairment in humans, affecting 5.3% worldwide population. Hearing is critical to the performance of military personnel and is integral to the rapid and accurate processing of speech information. Noise-induced hearing loss represents a severe impairment that reduces military effectiveness, safety, and quality of life. Military personnel work in high-noise environments, yet the Department of Defense cannot predict who is susceptible to noise-induced hearing loss and tinnitus. Of those exposed to noise, 80% may also suffer from chronic tinnitus. Despite its prevalence, there are no means to objectively measure the severity of tinnitus in those individuals. A fundamental understanding of the underlying mechanisms of tinnitus and its relation to noise-induced hearing loss is critical. Such an understanding may provide insight to who is at risk for each condition, allow aggressive hearing protection measures in those individuals most at risk, and create areas for treatment for those already suffering from the conditions. The current review addresses the scope of the problems of noise-induced hearing loss and tinnitus for the military, discuss the noise environments in which military personnel operate, and describe recent pharmacotherapy trials. Some recent breakthroughs in noise-induced hearing loss research are discussed along with some challenges and directions for future research on hearing loss and tinnitus

KEYWORDS

Noise Exposure; Hearing loss; Military; Tinnitus.


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