Kelly Hamilton1, James Espinosa2,*, Ronald Clearie3, Alan Lucerna4, Henry Schuitema5
1Psychiatry Residency and Department of Psychiatry, Medstar-Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC, USA.
2Department of Emergency Medicine, Rowan University SOM Jefferson University Hospital, Stratford, NJ, USA.
3Urology Residency and Department of Urology Jefferson NJ Stratford, NJ, USA.
4Program Director, Emergency Medicine, Jefferson NJ/Rowan University SOM, USA.
5Chief, Department of Emergency Medicine, and Associate Chief Medical Officer, Jefferson, NJ, USA.
Received Date: September 21, 2022
Published Date: October 20, 2022
*Corresponding Author: James Espinosa, MD, Department of Emergency Medicine, Rowan University SOM Jefferson University Hospital, 18 East Laurel Road, Stratford, NJ 08084, USA. Phone: 856 304 5101; Email: [email protected]
Citation: Hamilton K, Espinosa J, Clearie R, Lucerna A, Schuitema H. (2022). OMT in the Emergency Department: A Literature Review. Mathews J Emergency Med. 7(2):45.
Copyrights: Espinosa J, et al. © (2022).
Background: Osteopathic Physicians and their philosophy are based on a patient-centered focus on the comprehensive health of patients, with the use of hands-on methods. The hands-on methods employed fall under the category of Osteopathic Manipulation Treatment (OMT), in which Osteopathic Physicians are extensively trained. Purpose of study: The purpose of this study was to look at the literature from the point of view of four questions concerning OMT in the specialty of Emergency Medicine (EM). 1) How often is an osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) used in the emergency department (ED)? 2) What are the perceived barriers to the use of OMT in the ED? 3) What are the advantages of the use of OMT treatment in the ED? 4) What are the successful models of OMT use in the ED? Methods: PubMed [Pubmed.com] searches were performed to identify research publications. Nine research articles were identified in a search of OMT in EM. Findings: 1) How often is an osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) used in the emergency department (ED)? 2) What are the perceived barriers to the use of OMT in the ED? 3) What are the advantages of the use of OMT treatment in the ED? 4) What are the successful models of OMT use in the ED? Conclusions: OMT is a set of techniques used to address a variety of somatic and visceral pathologies that can be very common and debilitating to the patient population. Medical research in the field of emergency medicine regarding OMT use has been underwhelming, with very few publications since 2008. The use of OMT within emergency medicine has not been widely published, even as the population of osteopathic emergency physicians has increased in the past two decades. OMT research within emergency medicine could be a valuable treatment option for patients.
Keywords: Osteopathic medicine, Osteopathic manipulation treatment in the emergency department, OMT, OMM