Ahmad Shafahi1, Saeid Esmaeilian2*, Elham Mohajeri3, Mahshid Mohajeri4
1Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine Afzalipour Hospital Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran
2Radiologist, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran
3General pediatrician, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran
4Dentist, Islamic Azad University, Iran
*Corresponding author: Esmaeilian Saeid, Department of Radiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Tel: 09120463698, E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 30, 2022
Published Date: Sep 14, 2022
Citation: Saeid E, et al. (2022). Prevalence and Severity of Periodontal Diseases and Their Association with Disease Severity and Quality of Life in COPD Patients; A Cross-sectional Study. Mathews J Dentistry. 6(3):31.
Copyrights: Saeid E, et al. © (2022).
Introduction: Researchers have mentioned the possibility of an association between periodontal and respiratory diseases, especially chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases [COPD]. Moreover, previous research has shown that progress and exacerbation of COPD are related to the colonization of bacterial pathogens on oral and throat surfaces. We aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of periodontal diseases and their association with disease severity and quality of life in hospitalized Iranian COPD patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on COPD patients between March 2020 and March 2021. Demographic information and data on Saint George’s Respiratory Questionnaire [SGRQ] for quality of life were recorded. Dental examinations consisted of periodontal probing by Williams periodontal probe to determine the probing depth [PD], the cementoenamel junction [CEJ], bleeding index [BI], and clinical attachment level [CAL]. In addition, the dental plaque index [PLI] was scored from 0 to 3 by the dentist. Results: Eventually, 100 patients [69 female and 31 male] with a mean age of 60±11 years were analyzed. Dental examinations revealed that only 45[45%] patients had natural teeth and among the remaining, only 16[16%] were using dentures. Among those who had teeth, 13[13%] had only one, 17[17%] had two, 9[9%] patients had between 3 and 10 teeth and the remaining 20 [20%] had more than 20 teeth. Results showed that there is a direct association between the severity of COPD and periodontal diseases [p< 0.001]. Also, the results revealed that patients with more severe COPD have a lower quality of life [p< 0.001]. Conclusion: We found that higher severity of periodontal diseases is associated with more severe COPD.
Keywords: Periodontitis; Gingivitis; Inflammation, Infectious disease, quality of life, Oral hygiene