Raquel Coelho Netto da Costa1*, Guilherme de Azevedo Cortez1, Maria Aurea Lira Feitosa2, Rosana Costa Casanovas2, Lucinaldo Lobato Gomes1, Rinaldi Gonçalves Campos1, Edson da Conceição Braga Garcia Júnior2
1University Hospital of the Federal University of Maranhão (HUUFMA), São Luís, Brazil
2Dentistry College of the Federal University of Maranhão (FO - UFMA), São Luís, Brazil
*Corresponding author: Raquel Coelho Netto da Costa, Rua Barão de Itapary 227 room 32 Centro São Luís MA Brazil 65020-070. Tel: +5598981162665; Email: [email protected]
Received Date: April 11, 2022
Published Date: May 02, 2022
Citation: da Costa RC, et al. (2022). Oral Health Assessment in Patients who will be Submitted Hip Arthroplasty. Mathews J Dentistry 6(1):29.
Copyright: da Costa RC, et al. © (2022). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Dental treatment prior to major surgery if necessary, with a view to reducing possible postoperative infections, especially pneumonia. Objective: to evaluate the oral health conditions of patients who will use the THA at HUUFMA during 2019. Material and method: An observational descriptive study with a sample of 23 volunteers with clinical examination and intraoral clinical examination. The variables collected were sex; reason for hospitalization; systemic conditions; medications in use; oral health conditions; oral hygiene; periodontal conditions; oral mucosa conditions and individual odontogram. Statistical analysis: The data were tabulated in the Microsoft Excel 2016 software and were then imported into the Statistics software version 15.0 for Windows. A bivariate analysis of Pearson's linear correlation tests, from student to independent tests, analysis of variance (ANOVA oneway), Mann Whitney's nonparametric test, Fisher's exact test and chi-square test. The level of significance adopted was 5%. Results: Of the 23 patients studied in the majority (69.57%), female patients with clinical diagnosis of coxarthrosis (60.87%) with hypertension and diabetes (43.48% and 17.39%). The average age was 54.45 years. The most used drugs were analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs (p <0.05), and those that were used in the use of analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs were considered to be the best oral health indexes. Regarding oral health conditions, we observed a value of p <0.05 for periodontal disease, and patients with pre-surgical diagnosis of coxarthrosis suffered more periodontal disease than the others. The most performed dental procedure was scraping and straightening supra and sub gingival (p <0.05). Conclusion: The volunteers had as main diseases coxarthrosis and periodontal disease with demand for THA procedures and supra and sub gingival tooth scraping, being useful in the application of tests to reduce and control the infection.
Keywords: Oral Health; Total Hip Arthroplasty; Infection.